First Aid for Your Child —– Keep this first aid guide close-by to help you during any emergencies.
- Heat exhaustion can begin suddenly as a result of excessive exercise, sweating and inadequate fluid intake.
- Feeling faint
- Pale complexion
- Low blood pressure
- Hot, red, sweaty or dry skin
- fever (usually less than 40 C
What to Do?
- If your child is sitting in the sun, move him out of it
- Lay him down and elevate his legs slightly
- Remove or loosen his clothing
- Have him drink cold (not iced) water
- Spray him with cool water or fan him
- If the fever is more than 40 C, monitor your child closely in case of seizures, and seek medical assistance
Any kind of transportation may cause motion sickness.
- A feeling of restlessness
- Cold sweat
What to Do???
- Tell your child to try to keep his head still and to focus on a distant stationary object
- Feed your child dry crackers to help settle his stomach when he’s feeling sick
- Don’t let anyone smoke in your car
- Don’t encourage your child to read while you are traveling by car
- Nose bleeds usually result from nose picking, blowing hard, violent sneezing, allergy or a problem with a blood vessel in the nose.
- Usually one side of the nose bleeds and sometimes drains to back of the throat making it look like the child is coughing blood.
- What to Do
- Make your child stand up or sit in an upright position to reduce blood pressure in the nose veins
- Try to make your child breathe from his mouth
Pinch the tip of the nose with your thumb and index finger with the head tilted slightly forwards towards the chest to avoid blood going back to the throat.
- Child can get burned by heat and fire, radiation, sunlight, electricity or chemicals
What to do???:
- It is not good to put butter, oil, ice or ice water on burns. This might cause more damage to the skin.
- If it is small and superficial soak the burn in cool water. Then treat it with an antibiotic ointment. To protect the burned area, you can put a dry gauze bandage over the burn. Give panadol to help with the pain.
- If a superficial-degree burn covers a large area or is on face, hands, feet or genitals, you should see a doctor right away
Foreign object in the nose
- If a foreign object becomes lodged in child’s nose:
- ًWhat to do
- Don’t probe at the object with a cotton swab or other tool.
- Don’t ask to inhale the object by forcefully breathing in. Instead, ask to breathe through his mouth until the object is removed.
- If the object is visible and you can easily grasp it with tweezers, gently remove it.
- Try to close the opposite nostril by applying gentle pressure and then breathe out normally.
Call for emergency medical assistance or go to your local emergency room if these methods fail.
Insect bites and stings
- Signs and symptoms of an insect bite result from the injection of venom or other substances into your child’s skin .
- For mild reactions
- Move to a safe area to avoid more stings.
- Scrape or brush off the stinger with a straight-edged object, such as a credit card or the back of a knife. Swab the site with disinfectant. Don’t try to pull out the stinger with a tweezer or with your fingers; doing so may release more venom.
- To reduce pain and swelling, apply ice or a cold pack.
- Apply 0.5 percent or 1 percent hydrocortisone cream, calamine lotion or a baking soda paste to the bite or sting several times a day until your symptoms subside.
- For severe reactions:
- call for emergency medical assistance if you experience any of the following signs or symptoms: Difficulty breathing , Swelling of lips or throat , Rapid heartbeat
SPRAY OF JOINT
- A sprain is an injury to a ligament caused by excessive stretching. The ligament can have tears in it, or it can be completely torn apart. Sprains occur most often in your ankles, knees
What to do???:
- Follow the instructions for P.R.I.C.E
- Protect the injured limb from further injury by not using the joint
- Rest the injured limb
- Ice the area. Using a cold pack, or a compression sleeve filled with cold water to limit swelling after an injury. Try to apply ice as soon as possible after the injury. If you use ice, be careful not to use it for too long as this could cause tissue damage
- Compress the area with an elastic wrap or bandage. Compressive wraps or sleeves made from elastic or neoprene are best.
- Elevate the injured limb whenever possible to help prevent or limit swelling.
FRACTURES (BRAKE BONES)
- A fracture is a broken bone. It requires medical attention. After injury or trauma
- Take these precautions immediately while waiting for medical help.
- What to do:
- Stop the bleeding. If there’s bleeding, press directly on the wound with a sterile bandage, a clean cloth or a piece of clothing. Apply pressure until the bleeding stops.
- Immobilize the area. Keep the joints above and below the fracture immobilized.Proper splinting may reduce pain. The less movement of the affected area, the better. ,
- To design a splint, use a rigid material such as wood, plastic or metal. The splint should be longer than the bone, it is splinting and extend above and below the injury.
- To splint the lower portion of an arm (forearm): Tie rolled magazines or newspapers around the forearm. Wrap a sling over the shoulder and a band around the sling to help keep the elbow immobilized
To splint the lower portion of a leg (shinbone): Place the entire leg between two splints. If no splints are available, use the healthy leg as a splint to impede movement of the broken one.
This article should only be used as a guide. You should always consult your doctor during any medical emergencies.
The handbook first aid homecare